By: Bright Side When the weather’s good, many people head out of the city and into the wilds of nature.
We at Bright Side decided to reveal how you can make your trip absolutely perfect as well as the best ways to cope with unpleasant situations while on vacation.
- Start a fire on sand or stone. If you can’t find the right place, simply scrape away the upper layer of soil.
- When lighting a fire, don’t pour lighter fluid onto a naked flame — the bottle containing it might explode in your hands. Set the firewood alight immediately after you’ve poured on the lighter fluid, otherwise, it may vaporize.
- To stop ants getting onto a table, place each leg in a single-use container with some water. If you’re using a rug for your picnic, place some dried mint or the skin of some cucumber on it. The scents they produce will scare off any ants.
- Mosquitoes can be scared away with the help of rosemary or sage. Scatter a few leaves on the hot coals of your fire or barbecue grill.
- To keep your food fresh, use a freezer bag or vacuum container with a lid. When you press on the lid, the air in the container is removed. Without oxygen, bacteria can’t appear.
- If you’re close to some water, don’t wash your dishes in a reservoir or clean yourself by the shore. Use a bucket or bowl, and make sure to pour the dirty water onto the soil afterward.
Don’t try to remove the tick straight away. Approach this process carefully and attentively.
- Cover the area of the bite with vegetable oil.
- Make a loop out of a piece of thread, and stretch it between the head and body of the tick.
- Slowly pull the thread upward, and remove the tick.
- To check for the risk of being infected with tick-born encephalitis, take the tick alive to a laboratory within two days of removing it.
If the burns are small:
- Cut up a raw potato or carrot, and place it on the burn.
- Pour cold water on the burn area, and sprinkle with salt. Wait for the salt to dry and fall away.
If the burns are serious (blisters or peeling skin):
Apply a thick layer of Panthenol spray or an antibiotic cream to the burn area, and only attach a bandage. Otherwise, the material will stick to the wound.
You need to cleanse your body of the poison and neutralize the toxins as quickly as possible. Apart from the standard approach of rinsing with a solution containing manganese or using activated charcoal, you can also try the following:
- Brew 2 tsp of ground ginger root in 600 ml of boiling water, mix together and then filter. Drink 50 ml of this infusion warm during the course of the day.
- Boil 3-5 tbsp of cinnamon for 5 minutes, and then filter it. Drink 2-3 cups of the resulting brew while it’s still hot.
Don’t drink alcohol if you’ve been poisoned. Its effects on the body will only make things worse.
Only bees leave their stinger behind. If you’ve been stung by a wasp, don’t try to find the stinger — by picking at the sting, you’ll only give yourself an infection. To remove a bee’s stinger, use an ordinary plastic card: place it at an angle of 45° in front of the stinger, and, pressing a little on the skin, pass it over the area of the sting. Then treat the wound with an ordinary antiseptic product.
First aid in case of wounds and cuts begins with a correct evaluation of the situation:
- How serious is the wound and any bleeding?
- Is there a chance of infection?
If it’s a small wound but you don’t have any antiseptic product to hand:
- Wash the cut, and apply some resin from a conifer over the top of it.
- Grind up some leaves of ribwort plantain into a pulp, and apply it to the wound. Fix it in place with a bandage.
If the bleeding is strong and pulsating, it means an artery has been damaged and a tourniquet needs to be applied. The tourniquet only works for one hour, so you need to get to a hospital immediately. It should be applied 1.5-2 cm higher than the damaged blood vessel.
If you’ve noticed a snake crawling on the ground, don’t move — give it the opportunity to leave. Snakes only attack when they feel threatened.
First aid in case of snake bites:
- Try to completely cease movement in the affected limb, as movement speeds up blood circulation through the blood vessels, spreading the snake’s venom throughout the body at a faster rate.
- Disinfect the wound, and place a sterile bandage over it.
- Apply a tourniquet, but for no longer than 30-40 minutes. Otherwise, you can damage the blood supply to the affected tissue. See a doctor as soon as possible.